The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from Hansen and the Council of Biology Editors Using Search Engines Wisely! This is the scholarly research process. Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. A colon precedes when a quotation is formally introduced or when the quotation itself is a complete sentence, but either no punctuation or a comma generally precedes when the quotation serves as an integral part of the sentence.
If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal.
Follow the examples given below and you will be all set. Your paper might say something like In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
It was the first time he had done so in over fifteen years. When a quotation is indented, the use of quotation marks is not necessary, and the page number is included outside the ending punctuation.
For Articles or Chapters with separate authors from a Book or Compilation List the author s of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter no quotes, italics or underlinesthen the name s of the editor s of the book or compilation, followed by "ed.
You should include enough information that your readers will be able to find these sources on their own. Think of each quote like a sandwich—the quote is the meat on the inside, but before you taste the meat, you must also be introduced to the sandwich by the bread.
Since Clapton is speaking, however, use "qtd. Giving credit to the original author of thoughts, words, and ideas is an important ethical concept. Hot spots are formed by the drift of plates over mantle plumes Vink et al.
Wiley Online Library, doi: Students need to take time for their physical and emotional well-being, as well as their studies, during college Kanar That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature.
Accessed 4 May The location of an online work should include a URL. This presents something of a conundrum: Block, or indent, quotations longer than four lines of type. If you begin a quotation in mid-paragraph, there is no indention.
If your source of information is from written correspondence a letter or e-mailyou would substitute the word "written" for the word "personal" above, and you would add the date of the letter if dated. Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source.
Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. One is short form and the other is detailed.
For internet sources without any identifiable author or date, simply use the URL address as the in-text citation: Current Conditions and Future Directions. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.
Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation.There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper. You may quote. You may paraphrase.
Or you may summarize. Notice also that I placed the date that the book was published directly after the author's name in parentheses--this is proper APA format. Finally, notice that because I explained WHO wrote the book and WHAT book it. How to Cite Other Sources in Your Paper [ Table of Contents] [PDF The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.g the information you want from a research article is an objective result or interpretation.
How the author stated this information, i.e. When to Cite References in a Scientific Paper; Details of Citing References Introduction. It is important to properly and appropriately cite references in scientific research papers in order to acknowledge your sources and give credit where credit is due.
you use a fact or an idea that you obtained from that source. Thus, clearly, you. How to cite UNPUBLISHED SOURCES ASA Toggle Dropdown. Author/Editor ASA Format Research Paper Help; How to cite WEBSITES APA Web Site Citation Web sites do not include subscription databases.
Examples are not double-spaced, but your References list should be double-spaced. Aug 29, · How to Cite Sources. Five Methods: In-Text, MLA, it can be a pain to go through all of your research without knowing this, then have to go back, find all the books at the library, and determine the copyright date.
How do I cite sources when a paper I want to reference has its own citations listed? wikiHow Contributor. Community Answer%(32). Plagiarism Research Plagiarism Policy How Do I Cite Sources? when you cite sources in a psychology paper you would probably use a different form of citation than you might in a paper for an English class.
You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating.Download