The behaviourists have used their approach to treat addictions and phobias using the desensitisation treatment. This classical conditioning procedure helps the service user to achieve a state of relaxation. Given the current structure of health care in the UK; nurses, in particular, are often responsible for designing and implementing plans and procedures for improving health education and encouraging P2 p3 psychological perspectives.
The ego is rational and realistic, because it tends to look at the bigger pictures and think things through. Arnold Gesell in an important figure who is credited for the development of the theory of maturation.
Retention is the maintenance of the learnt behaviour i. According to Gesell the heart forms, then the nervous system, then the bones and muscles. I will start P2 p3 psychological perspectives by talking about how the behaviourists apply their approach in social care practice then I will explain how the cognitive approach is used in social care.
Erik Erikson Erikson felt that Freud focused P2 p3 psychological perspectives much on sex and pleasure rather than on individual needs to be part of society and live a fulfilling and productive life. Additionally, a positive reinforce could possibly be having good time when consuming alcohol, and so desiring to endure this on an additional instances.
Humanism has offered new ideals for approaching the understanding of human nature and condition, and expanded the horizon of methods used to study human behaviour. P3 explain different psychological approaches to social care practice P1: Sometimes originating from childhood experiences or from unresolved conflict between id and superego.
George Kelly is an important figure in the cognitive theory. Biological Perspective The theory of maturation holds the effect of the environment are minimal, a child is born with a set of genetic instructions which are passed down from its parents. They should do continuous workplace development.
The human behaviour is something that is learnt at times it could be from experience, it is known that humans can be trained into a specific way; examples of this would be Aggression, Anger, Love and Affection.
The health professional may come up with a list of aspects that the service user associates with fear. For example for someone who is afraid of being in new situations i. The Biological Approach to Health and Social Care Practice The biological approach can be used to explain many things within health and social care, it can also be useful in diagnosing and treating service users, and it is effective for practitioners to assess and help their patience within health and social care.
It is seeing the good in everything. All of these issues could originate or be influenced by situations that can be understood with social learning theory. A good example of our hormones being affected is by our lifestyles is shift work especially working at night; this is detrimental to our health as our body is programmed to sleep at night.
Erick Erikson was also apart of this perspective. This perspective was founded by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Whereas behaviourist believe that the learner responds positively to it environment.
The school routine can also be considered as being a classical conditioning. Therapists and counsellors try to change the way people think by talking to them, asking questions which allows them to open up more and make their own suggestions on how they can be better.
Testosterone is responsible for aggression. Freud thought that distressing experiences in childhood could be repressed and eventually re-emerge as psychological problems. Stage three years Initiative vs Guilt, initiative develops when the child is encouraged to try new thing and develop new skills.
The biological approach believes us individuals to be a consequence of our genetics and physiology. This is why they reject laborious P2 p3 psychological perspectives experiments as it dehumanizing and incapable of capturing the importance of conscious experiences.
According to Bandura these behaviours become internalised when imitated and reinforced sufficiently. Twins offer a good way of studying genetics. However this process may not entirely get rid of the fear but it may help the person to change their thinking about things. They approach ever situation with an opened mind and in a non-judgmental manner.
The second stage is pre-operational which appears at the age of 2 this is when they begin to develop symbolic thinking abilities, which means that they are able to talk about things that are beyond their immediate experience.
This procedure is repeated over a period of time until the service user could face the final most feared object and situation, which is to actually go out to somewhere crowded without any worry and anxiety.
It also offers children with natural opportunities to connect in real and meaningful activities that improve physical, language, social, and cognitive development. P2 & P3: Explain the principle psychological perspectives – Social Learning The influence of individuals The key principals of the learning theory is when a child sees certain displays or acts of behaviour, that they are more likely to copy it.
Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care Monday, 13 November P2 – Explain different psychological approaches to health practice & P3 – Explain different psychological approaches to social care practice. Unit 8 - P2 P3 (Application of all 6 psychological perspectives) This is a question booklet with all of the answers filled out (very detailed).
Feb 29, · P1 explain the principal psychological perspectives Introduction: In this assignment I will be explaining the different psychology perspectives in health and social care, as well as the experts that are related to those perspectives.
Psychological behaviour has a range of different views that contains beliefs about the human behaviour on the way they function, what aspects are. UNIT 8; PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE P2, P3, P4, P5, P6) Write short essays on each on the following 6 topics – try to keep your word limit to words.
This is good practice for you if you are planning on going to University next year. The skill of summarising information is an important one you need to practice.
Psychological Perspectives M2 D1. Unit 8 This assignment is an addition to my P2 and P3 which was a PowerPoint and I discussion I took part in about psychological perspectives.Download